Effects of External Transverse Alternating Magnetic Field on the Heat Flux Density Distribution of Atmospheric Pressure Plasma Arc
A theoretical analysis was carried out to investigate the characteristics of atmospheric pressure plasma arc injected transverse to a transverse alternating magnetic field and a mathematical model was developed to describe the heat flux density distribution of the plasma arc. The effect of processing parameters, such as flow rate of working gas, arc current, magnetic flux density and the standoff from the nozzle to the workpiece, on the heat flux density distribution of plasma arc were also analyzed. The results show that it is feasible to adjust the heat flux density of the plasma arc by the transverse alternating magnetic field, which can expand the region of plasma arc thermal treatment and flatten the heat flux density upon the workpiece. With the magnetic flux density enhancing, the heat flux density gradient upon the workpiece decreases. Under the same magnetic flux density, the more gas flow rate and arc current, the more heat flux density peak increase. Contrarily, more distance from nozzle outlet to workpiece descends the heat flux density peak.
H. Wang, B.J. Zhang, X.Z. Liu, D.Z. Luo, S.B. Zhong
J. B. Meng et al., "Effects of External Transverse Alternating Magnetic Field on the Heat Flux Density Distribution of Atmospheric Pressure Plasma Arc", Advanced Materials Research, Vols. 143-144, pp. 1439-1444, 2011