The solidification characteristics of silicon steel in twin roll strip casting was studied by physical simulation. The experiments were designed to approximate the solidification conditions of twin roll strip casting. The strips with different cooling rate and different silicon content were prepared. The results show that the solidification structures of the strips with different cooling rate and different Si content are composed of columnar and equiaxed grains, and the solidification structures vary significantly. And with the decrease of cooling rate, the linear contraction rate decreases.