SEM observations of coir fiber microstructure have been carried out. Uneven surface characteristics are conducive to the bonding between coir fibers and resin materials. The unique advantages of coir fiber have been verified. Doing orthogonal experiment design for coir fiberboard, the coir fiberboard can meet the mechanical properties of National Standards of China. The various factors optimization plan on the performance of coir fiberboard has been obtained. FFT nondestructive testing has been done for the coir fiberboard. Nondestructive testing results show that the good correlation exists between dynamic mechanical properties and the static test results.