First, the fundamental characteristic of recycled concrete aggregate wasstudied. Then, the recycled concrete spiciemen with different maximum size was tested. The results showed that: the apparent density and bulk density of recycled concrete aggregates was smaller than the natural rock, but the moisture content, crushed index, water absorption was higher. The workability of recycled concrete improved with increase of water and fly ash, but its strength decreased as the increase of water and fly ash. The research on performance and strength of recycled concrete aggregate will provide certain theoretical basis in the application process.