Rock tunnel boring machine is one of the main machineries and equipments for underground engineering ,and the failure of tool systems is the main failure form of this machinery. Rock hob test-bed is the only testing equipment for tool failure and wear. In this paper, the hydraulic-driven system of the rock hob test bench is designed and simulated, and the effect of load and flow rate of hydraulic oil in this hydraulic system on characteristics of this test-bad is analyzed. The results show that the horizontal movement speed of test bench is directly proportional to the flow rate, but the effect of the load on this speed can be ignored; the delay of the movement of the test bench are proportional to the load. These results are very helpful to the structure optimization of tool system and the improvement of working efficiency.