Thin walled copper tube is prepared in vacuum melting and argon protecting continuous unidirectional solidification equipment by a short process method. The size of the thin walled copper tube is ф39×1.8 mm. The effect of process parameters on the solidification structure and the surface quality of the thin walled copper tube is investigated. The mechanical properties and electrical properties are tested and analyzed. The results show that the thin walled tube with columnar crystal structure and good quality surface can be obtained continuously and stably under the most appropriate process of the melting temperature is between 1423K and 1453K, the cooling water volume is 0.2～0.5m3•h-1, the cooling distance is 50mm, the drawing speed is not higher 20m•h-1. The elongation can reach 60%, and conductivity can reach 102.6%IACS.