Coupled Modeling of Electromagnetic Field, Fluid Flow, Heat Transfer and Solidification during Conventional DC Casting and Low Frequency Electromagnetic Casting of 7XXX Aluminum Alloys
A comprehensive mathematical model has been developed to describe the interaction of the multiple physics fields during the conventional DC casting and LFEC (low frequency electromagnetic casting) process. The model is based on a combination of the commercial finite element package ANSYS and the commercial finite volume package FLUENT, with the former for the calculation of the electromagnetic field and the latter for the calculation of the magnetic driven fluid flow, heat transfer and solidification. Moreover, the model has been verified against the temperature measurements obtained from two 7XXX aluminum alloy billets of 200mm diameter, cast during the conventional DC casting and the LFEC casting processes. In addition, a measurement of the sump shape of the billets were carried out by using addition melting metal of Al-30%Cu alloy into the billets during casting process. There was a good agreement between the calculated results and the measured results. Further, comparison of the calculated results during the LFEC process with that during the conventional DC casting process indicated that velocity patterns, temperature profiles and the sump depth are strongly modified by the application of a low frequency electromagnetic field during the DC casting.
T. Chandra, K. Tsuzaki, M. Militzer and C. Ravindran
H. T. Zhang et al., "Coupled Modeling of Electromagnetic Field, Fluid Flow, Heat Transfer and Solidification during Conventional DC Casting and Low Frequency Electromagnetic Casting of 7XXX Aluminum Alloys", Advanced Materials Research, Vols. 15-17, pp. 18-23, 2007