Synthesis and Polymerization Kinetics of Copolymer Styrene-Vinyltrimethoxysilane by Emulsifier-Free Emulsion Polymerization
Copolymers of styrene (St) and vinyltrimethoxysilane (VTMS) have been synthesized by emulsifier-free emulsion copolymerization using ammonium persulfate (APS) as initiator. Acrylic acid used as functional monomer was also added into the emulsion. The effects of varying the concentrations of initiator and VTMS as well as the polymerization temperature on the polymerization conversion and rate were investigated in detail. The copolymer was characterized by Fourier transform infrared spectrometer (FTIR). Copolymerization of VTMS with St was confirmed by the appearance of an absorption peak between 1000 cm-1 to 1200 cm-1 (due to Si-O-C bonds) in the IR spectrum. The siloxane segments in the copolymer chain underwent hydrolysis and self-condensation, resulting in a change in the structure of the copolymers from linear into a cross-linked network. As a result, the organic and inorganic hybrid materials were formed. The polymerization rate increased with increasing polymerization temperature, molar concentration of initiator and decreased with increasing molar concentration of VTMS. The apparent activation energy and kinetic features of the polymerization system were also obtained.
Jinglong Bu, Zhengyi Jiang and Sihai Jiao
H. C. Zhao et al., "Synthesis and Polymerization Kinetics of Copolymer Styrene-Vinyltrimethoxysilane by Emulsifier-Free Emulsion Polymerization", Advanced Materials Research, Vols. 150-151, pp. 1537-1540, 2011