In this paper, using experimental method studied to repair surface fatigue damage of the metal material by heat treatment. Analyzed the mechanism to repair surface fatigue damage of the metal material by heat treatment. From the test, it have been found that the Metal materials has temping threshold behavior in repairing it’s fatigue damage by heat treatment. For the same kind of material, there is a threshold characteristics in choosing tempering temperatures when repaired the fatigue damage of metal material surface through changed tempering temperatures. Experimental results shows that the temping temperature threshold to repair metal material fatigue damage is the first tempering temperature after materials was hardened before it was in fatigue damage.