This paper has systematically studied the evolving process of column crystals of Ti46Al0.5W0.5Si alloys that is directionally solidified by rectangular cold crucible. The results showed that: the solid/liquid interface presented convex to the liquid metal due to the complicated influences by cold crucible. Overheating temperature and new crystal nucleus had great effects on the growth continuity and the stability of column crystals. Furthermore, the precipitation phases have been studied. As a result, the methods for controlling growing process of columnar crystals have been submitted, which are playing a critical role in optimizing experimental parameters and devising the construction-elements of cold crucible.