In order to study the mechanical performance of Reactive Powder Concrete (RPC) used for structure engineering, 38 series of RPC specimens are fabricated, cured, tested and analyzed. There are 5 sets of specimens are fabricated for each actual site structure engineering. The compressive strength, flexural strength and elastic modulus are tested according to the specimens and the compressive strength is tested with different age time. All the specimens are steam cured with the same situation as the structure. According to the test result, the compressive strength of RPC is up to 80MPa 3days after it is cast and the compressive strength is higher than 120MPa 15days later. The average flexural strength of RPC is 19.4MPa and the elastic modulus is 45.15GPa. The tested results show that the mechanical performance of RPC can satisfy the engineering requirement. The mixing proportion and the curing system can be used for engineering design and construction.