Research on the Process of Concrete Damage under Frost Action
This paper summarizes the theories of the concrete damage under frost action. Based on experiments done by researchers in and abroad, the water conversion and the moisture content change in the concrete during the freeze-thaw cycles are analyzed. In this paper, the affection of the expansion and contraction of ice on concrete at temperatures in the usual freeze-thaw test range is particularly taken into consideration. At last, a qualitative process of the concrete damage under frost action is proposed.
K. Z. Ma et al., "Research on the Process of Concrete Damage under Frost Action", Advanced Materials Research, Vols. 163-167, pp. 3406-3410, 2011