Bearing Behavior of Steel Foot Pipe in Tunnel on Soft Base
Numerical simulations were conducted to investigate the bearing behaviour of steel foot pipe. Main mechanical affections occur at the lateral zone, and the maximal stress occurs at the lateral end of the pipe. With the increase of cross direction load, the maximal stress increases and exceeds the strength of material, and the pipe is pulled out. The influencing factors of bearing capacity of the steel foot pipe were studied. Some important results different from engineering experiences are as following: 1) to steel foot pipe that can not penetrate the soft base, its reasonable dip angle is very small for its low longitudinal bearing capacity; 2) steel pipe with diameter of 42mm is unsuitable for foot steel pipe because its low cross bearing capacity; 3) to a given geological condition and pipe parameter, the reasonable length of steel pipe is certain, extra longer pipes can’t obtain larger capacity; 4) surrounding rock near the support structure should be especially reinforced by drilling grouting holes along the whole steel pipe.
Y. M. Wu "Bearing Behavior of Steel Foot Pipe in Tunnel on Soft Base", Advanced Materials Research, Vols. 163-167, pp. 3604-3609, 2011