In order to forecast the vibration affecting the nearby buildings, the analysis methods that the adjacent buildings are influenced due to the construction vibration are researched in the paper. The highway vibration affecting the near chimney is taken as an example. The curve of characteristics seismic coefficient is used as response spectrum. The max values of ground velocity and acceleration come from the vibration roller parameters. The effect range of vibratory roller and the distance of the chimney to the highway are used to analyze the vibration effect and control countermeasures by geotechnical engineering software. Results show that the vibration main effect is foundation soil not the chimney, and we can take reducing construction vibration, establishing isolation measures or strengthening building to ensure safety of the buildings.