Binding Performance of a Zirconia Framework Material and Veneering Porcelain
In this study, the binding performance of a Cercon-based zirconia framework material and special Cercon Ceram S zirconia veneering porcelain is discussed. Rectangular 30 mm × 20 mm × 2 mm porcelain blocks were made from zirconia using the CAD/CAM system. The 2 mm veneering porcelain was then sintered onto blocks at a temperature of 850-800°C with a loading speed of l mm/min. The shear bond strength of the interface was tested. Sintering was studied by visual observation, scanning electron microscopy, energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS), thermal shock test and other methods. Excellent sintering results of the zirconia framework material and veneering porcelain can be achieved. The cross-sectional morphology of the samples, observed by SEM, shows a uniform, fine, and smooth texture for the veneering porcelain, whereas that of the zirconia framework material shows a rough surface with a uniform and compact texture. EDS results indicate that a small amount of A12O3 and SiO2 is present in the zirconia area, and no ZrO2 or Y2O3 is detected in the veneering porcelain area. No interlayer radial crack or flaw is found throughout the entire thermal shock test of the samples at 60-240°C. Thus, the cracking temperature of the samples is pegged at T>240°C. The shear bond strength of the interface is 32.62±5.77 MPa. Chemical element infiltration exists between zirconia and the veneering porcelain, indicating the chemical bond between the two. An excellent match between the Cercon-based zirconia framework and the special veneering porcelain can be achieved, which can satisfy clinical requirements.
Yiwang Bao, Li Tian and Jianghong Gong
L. Q. Shao et al., "Binding Performance of a Zirconia Framework Material and Veneering Porcelain", Advanced Materials Research, Vol. 177, pp. 186-189, 2011