Cr3+ Effect on the Correlation between Lightness Difference and Color Difference of Ruby Red
The correlations between of lightness, chroma, Cr3+ and color index were studied to analyze the impact of all these three elements on ruby red color; and with the color difference research, the lightness difference is testified to be the key affecting color appearance. Based on the uniform color space CIE 1976L*a*b*, the ruby displays the best red color when the content of Cr3+ is within (1555, 5183ppm), L* (32.64, 44.25) and ho (354.14, 0.7). With the help of partial correlation analysis of color difference, it is illustrated that the correlation between L* and E* (r=0.999) is relatively higher than that between L* and E* (r=0.948); and with high significance level ( = 0.129) of H* and E*, it shows that H* has little impact on E*. It is concluded that the color change of ruby from red to purple are mostly affected by lightness change; lightness difference should be considered as the most important factor when evaluating the red color of ruby, and then followed by the chroma and hue jointly.
Yiwang Bao, Li Tian and Jianghong Gong
Y. Guo et al., "Cr3+ Effect on the Correlation between Lightness Difference and Color Difference of Ruby Red", Advanced Materials Research, Vol. 177, pp. 624-627, 2011