Effect of Nanometer Far-Infrared Materials on the Cleanability of Ceramic Glazes
Nanometer far-infrared materials (NFIM) were doped into ceramic glazes to prepare easy-to-clean ceramic glazes，and the effect of NFIM on the cleanability properties was investigated. Static contact angle measurements were used to describe the surface hydrophilic property and calculate the surface free energy. The effect of far-infrared radiance measured by Fourier Transform Infrared Spectrometer on the O/W interface tension was tested by a Dynamic Contact Angle Meter and Tensiometer. The cleanability was estimated by the ultraviolet spectrophotometry technique using oleic acid as soiling agent. It was shown that the better cleanability of the ceramic glazes, the higher surface free energy and its polar contribution. The experiments were carried out on detachment of oleic acid drop from the easy-to-clean ceramic glazes. The three-phase contact line shrinked spontaneously, and eventually the oil drop detached from the surface. The spontaneous detachment of a drop corresponded to two different driving factors: (1) the decrease of oil-water interfacial tension caused by the far-infrared radiation of the glazes, (2) the spontaneous advancement of aqueous meniscus owing to the penetration of water between the oil and super hydrophilic glaze surfaces.
Jinsheng Liang and Lijuan Wang
L. J. Wang et al., "Effect of Nanometer Far-Infrared Materials on the Cleanability of Ceramic Glazes", Advanced Materials Research, Vol. 178, pp. 103-108, 2011