Based on the experiment in lab and the investigation in study site, we have studied the adsorption of fine sand, medium sand and coarse sand which composes the aquifer. The different type's soil is different to the petroleum adsorption, the adsorptive capacity of fine sand is strongest, the coarse sand adsorption is worst. The adsorptive capacity of Sandy in 33.8% to 46.1%, adsorptive capacity of gravel is 9.2%. Freundlich model is more accurate to explain the sorption of the sands. The adsorption reaction of sand is very rapid, and it often only needs less than a day to reach adsorption reaction balance. The pollution levels are underestimated, and has been underestimated approximately 37.1% to 41.4%, and adsorption attenuation is a main action in study site.