The work showed that there were 44 species belonging to 23 genera, 3 phylum of phytoplankton in the research area. Among them, 31 species of 16 genera were Bacillariophyta, which accounted for 70.5 % of all species, 12 species of 6 genera were Pyrrophyta, which accounted for 36.4 % of all species, as well as one sepecies of genera was Chrysophta, which accounted for 2.3 % only. And 16 species, as the indicator of ‘red tide’ usually, were identified. Among them, 10 species belong to Pyrrophyta, 5 species were belong to Bacillariophyta, and one species of Chrysophta identified was also the dominant alga of ‘red tide’. The Shannon-Wiener biodiversity index showed that the water qualities in all sections were in the level of moderate polluted.