Improvement of Hydrophilic Properties on Electrospun Polyacrylonitrile Fabrics Surface by Plasma Treatment
Electrospun polyacrylonitrile (PAN) fabrics were prepared by electrospinning with 7%w/v concentration to dissolve in dimethylformamide (DMF) and spinning time 12 h. Radio frequency inductively couple plasma (RF-ICP) at 13.56 MHz were used to improve PAN fabrics surface by O2 gas in plasma treatment that became to hydrophilic properties of PAN fabrics surface. Physical properties were determined by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and contact angle measurement which found that characterized on PAN fabrics surface after plasma treatment with increased treated time had been damaged on these fabrics surface which measured contact angle measurement with water were range 29.3 to 74.7. Chemical properties were analysed by fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) that had been found peak intensities of aliphatic C-H band at 1450 and 2930 cm-1 and peak intensities of cyclic C=O bands at 1732 cm-1 and peak intensities of saturated nitriles at 2243 cm-1 and peak intensities of hydroxyl O-H band at 3600-3650 cm-1.
A. Thongphud et al., "Improvement of Hydrophilic Properties on Electrospun Polyacrylonitrile Fabrics Surface by Plasma Treatment", Advanced Materials Research, Vol. 213, pp. 103-106, 2011