A structured quality control model was proposed. It was a multilevel and knowledge-based quality control model which took Goal, Question, Metric, Measure and other fundamental elements as the main line, structured principle as guidance, manufacturing process as carrier, and improve quality of manufacturing system as destination. Firstly, a structured analysis principle was introduced. And then a structured quality control model was proposed combining bearing manufacturing process. A formal description of mappings between Goal-Question-Metric-Measure (GQMM) was also discussed. Finally; the architecture of the model was presented.