Associated Interpretation of Sub-Bottom and Single-Channel Seismic Profiles from Shenhu Area in the North Slope of South China Sea - Characteristic of Gas Hydrate Sediment
Abstract：The study area of this paper is the slope of Shenhu Area in the northern South China Sea. We interpreted both sub-bottom and single-channel seismic profiles to describe the acoustic characteristic of gas hydrate sediment and to discuss the cause of its formation. We distinguished some abnormal physiognomy and geologic objects that are relative to gas hydrate in profiles. Protuberance, shallow fault, acoustic blank patch, partial enhanced reflection and acoustic blank zone were discovered in the legible sub-bottom profile. The shallow gassy belt locates under the seabed from 34 to 82 m. Contrasting the sub-bottom profile with the data of Chinese first gas hydrate expedition, we believed that the gas in the shallow gassy belt came from the decompounding of gas hydrate in deep stratum. Pockmark, seepage, fold and Bottom Simulating Reflector (BSR) were recognized in the single-channel seismic profile. The depth of BSR is slightly deeper than that of the samples of Chinese first gas hydrate expedition in the study area. We think the BSR in the seismic profile may be the bottom of gas hydrate. Based on the time-depth conversion, we plotted out Oligocene, early Miocene, middle Miocene and Pliocene in the seismic profile according to the sedimentary thickness, sedimentary rate and age of ODP site 1148 and set up the chronology of the gas hydrate sediment.
S. J. Li et al., "Associated Interpretation of Sub-Bottom and Single-Channel Seismic Profiles from Shenhu Area in the North Slope of South China Sea - Characteristic of Gas Hydrate Sediment", Advanced Materials Research, Vols. 217-218, pp. 1430-1437, 2011