Digital Audio Watermarking Scheme Based on Independent Component Analysis in DWT Domain
This paper proposed a digital audio watermarking scheme based on independent component analysis (ICA) in DWT domain. The embedding process make full use of the multi-resolution characteristic of discrete wavelet transform (DWT), performing 3-level DWT. Selecting the low frequency coefficient appropriately as the embed location to make sure of the balance between the transparency and robustness. Then constructing the ICA model to embed the watermarking. The extraction process is similar with ICA’s goal, it’s used in extraction makes the scheme simple for implementation. The experiment results show that the proposed scheme has good robustness against common attacks, as well as transparency.
Helen Zhang, Gang Shen and David Jin
R. Chen et al., "Digital Audio Watermarking Scheme Based on Independent Component Analysis in DWT Domain", Advanced Materials Research, Vols. 219-220, pp. 1121-1125, 2011