The Effect of Defects on Rock Fracturing under Dynamic Loads
A surface blasting model of rock with pre-existing randomly distributed defects, including voids, pores and small open joints, under blasting loads are established by using finite difference method. A shock equation of state, obtained from the existing test results, is employed for the granite near the explosive charge, and for the granite far from the charge, a linear EOS is applied. The granite dynamic strengths, which increase with strain rate, are calculated based on the existing test results. The simulation results show that under blasting, most of cracks are initiated at the defect tips independently; the damage range increases as defect density decreases;spalling is easily happening near a free surface as there is a blasting near the surface.
Ran Chen and Wenli Yao
Z. M. Zhu "The Effect of Defects on Rock Fracturing under Dynamic Loads", Advanced Materials Research, Vols. 230-232, pp. 278-282, 2011