Equivalent Slenderness Ratio Method for Design of T-Struts Subject to Compressive Force
T-struts subject to centroid compression buckle flexural-torsionally about their axis of symmetry. When the force is applied at the shear center of the section, T-struts buckle either flexurally or torsionally without coupling of flexure with twisting. Although the buckling load about the symmetry-axis of shear center loading is greater than that of centroid loading, the design capacity of T-struts with defect such as fabrication error, load eccentricity and residual stress decrease by shifting the working line of a T-section compression chord to the shear center. This feature is not well known to designer of constructional steel. This article presents the equivalent slenderness ratio method, a new method for the design of T-struts subject to compressive force, introduces another three methods including the one presented by Shaofan Chen, the one in code and the one in ANSYS, contrasts the calculation results of those four methods and recommends the implementation of equivalent slenderness ratio method in the design of T-struts subject to compressive force.
Chaohe Chen, Yong Huang and Guangfan Li
X. L. Xiong et al., "Equivalent Slenderness Ratio Method for Design of T-Struts Subject to Compressive Force", Advanced Materials Research, Vols. 243-249, pp. 135-141, 2011