Study on Stressed Characteristic of Gridding Concrete Retaining Wall Used in Excavation of Soft-Soil Foundation Pit
As a new type of building envelope, Gcrw is mainly used for excavation of foundation pit. It can stand by itself without the help of bracing, especially in soft soil area. Its stressed characteristic hasn’t been known yet. By using advanced big finite element software Abaqus/Cae, a simulation was made on model of Gcrw under soil pressure when a foundation pit is dug, while the whole excavation is divided into three continuous independent excavation stages. The result shows that Gcrw is a rather good building envelope, Gcrw and soil in the gridding form an integral earth-retaining structure and keep balance under soil pressure before or behind the structure, and have little displacement in horizontal direction. It is like a gravity-type retaining wall in its entirety, but takes on an elastic characteristic. The soil pressure presents a linear change, but its value is less than the theoretical value of calculation. The front wall of Gcrw, like a sheet, is the main flexural construction element, which is subjected to the pressure from side wall of foundation pit and produce curve deformation. The back wall of Gcrw has little displacement and almost is built in the clay. The partition wall endures the effect of the tensile force, its horizontal deformation increases with the build-in depth’s increasing. The back wall and the partition wall play a very important role in dragging back the front wall, the role of them is similar to a pair of anchor tie. The soil in the gridding not only provides soil pressure, but also can fix the back wall, so it is seen as a part of Gcrw and in favor of the Gcrw’s anti-overturn.
Chaohe Chen, Yong Huang and Guangfan Li
G. Z. Zhou et al., "Study on Stressed Characteristic of Gridding Concrete Retaining Wall Used in Excavation of Soft-Soil Foundation Pit", Advanced Materials Research, Vols. 243-249, pp. 2266-2270, 2011