The prediction accuracy of vertical ultimate bearing capacity of statically-pressured pipe pile is difficult to ensure with traditional methods, because it is influenced by comprehensive factors, such as pile body, soil around pile and construction conditions. In this paper, a support vector machine (SVM) model based on the influencing factors importance evaluation was established to predict the vertical ultimate bearing capacity of single pile. This method would consider grey relational analysis and variable projection importance analysis as the attribute preprocessor facilities, which could determine the vertical bearing character in typical geological conditions through the analysis results of these two methods. Then, the SVM model was established with the main factors influencing ultimate bearing capacity as input to predict ultimate bearing capacity of single pile. The results showed that this method would have better precision of prediction, and the established model would have better generalization ability, which would open up a new way for the theoretical analysis of bearing characters of statically-pressured pipe pile and provide references for future relevant research.