In order to effectively evaluate the security status of shaft and to make timely and accurate forecasts before the shaft break disaster, lead into fiber brag grating technology in the mine shaft deformation monitoring. Designing laboratory experiments verified FBG sensing the reliability of deformation and strain transfer law in reinforced concrete beams, while provide practical experience to the FBG sensors installed on the actual shaft structure. According to the structural condition of the main shaft of JINCHUAN Mine No.3, designed 8 monitoring sections in different level ingate upper and lower and installed fiber optic grating sensors, forming a fully automatic real-time and long-term deformation monitoring system. Initial monitoring results indicate that only the No.4 (down) sensors was failure, but the other seven monitoring sections can effectively detect the corresponding strain, and the monitoring system was stable. The fiber optical sensing technology has broad application prospects in the state's long-term monitoring deformation of the mine project, for the mine shaft deformation monitoring provides a more reliable monitoring method.