Stress path is one of the very important factors of soil strength. It is significant to study the strength and reveal the importance of the impact of sand in different stress path conditions. Firstly, an ameliorating approach on implementing for the reduced triaxial extension by the conventional triaxial apparatus was discussed. Then, In order to study shear behaviors of the eolian sand under different stress path, two monotonic shearing tests with the conventional triaxial compression and the reduced triaxial extension stress path were performed and analyzed. The test results not only indicate that the amelioration on conventional triaxial apparatus is simple, practicable and inexpensive, but also reveal the difference of strength’s parameter between the reduced triaxial extension and conventional triaxial compression stress path. In sum, the stress path has important effect on the strength of the eolian sand.