Simulating current sintering process in local brickkilns, Hengyang region, Hunan Province, China, at 800°C, througt indoor sintering experiment on a series of brick samples of purple sandy shale, in which particle sizes of limestone are >-1Φ, >0Φ, >1Φ, >2Φ, >3Φ and >4Φ, respectively, it is concluded that the following: (1) Limestone granularity is a crucial factor affecting the quality of sintering bricks of purple sandy shale. Under different particle sizes, the critical content of limestone causing lime brust of sintering bricks is distinct, and lowers with the increasing in limestone granularity. (2) When limestone granularity is different, its impact way on the quality of sintering bricks is also distinct. The more coarse limestone granularity is, the more concentrative the swelling stress produced by the hydration of free CaO is, the more easily lime brust occurs. On the contrary, the more fine limestone granularity is, the more dispersive the swelling stress is, there is the more help to reduce or eliminate the occurrence of lime brust. (3) In view of the relationship between limestone granularity and the critical content of limestone giving rise to lime brust of sintering bricks, the production practice can be effectively guided.