A designed experimental study has been conducted to investigate the effect of clay dosage on mechanical properties of plastic concrete. The mechanical properties include compressive strength, splitting tensile strength, shear strength and elastic modulus. On the basis of the experimental results of the specimens of eight sets of mix proportions, the mechanism of action of clay on these mechanical properties has been analyzed in details. The results indicate that there is a tendency of decrease in the compressive strength, splitting tensile strength, shear strength and elastic modulus of plastic concrete with the increase of clay dosage. However, the internal friction angle of the shear specimens is increasing gradually with the increase of clay dosage. Further, the clay appears can improve the ductility of plastic concrete and this can help plastic concrete to bear larger deformation before failure.