The rheological properties of brucite fiber asphalt mastics are studied by the Brookfield viscosity test in this paper. The results show that at 105°C and 120°C, brucite fiber asphalt mastics shows the characteristics of non-Newtonian fluid. At 135°C and 150°C, it shows the characteristics of Newtonian fluid gradually. When the temperature is higher than 150°C, the asphalt mastics has fully manifested the characteristics of Newtonian fluid. The viscosity increases with the increasing of the dosage of brucite fiber. The value of ZSV increases with the increasing of the dosage of brucite fiber. According to the change law of ZSV, the anti-rutting performance of asphalt mastics is improved by the addition of brucite fiber.