Discussions on Fracture Factors of Brittle Materials under the Shear-Compression Condition
Based on fundamental ideas in tribology and basic concept of stress state in solid mechanics, the existence of frictional force on shear plane is discussed under uniaxial compression of brittle materials. On account of macroscopic fracture forms and mesoscopic fracture mechanisms, the key factors influencing shear fracture angle are analyzed. The results show that, when brittle materials are compressed and shear fracture occurs, shear fracture surface at the crack initiation point is consistent with the maximum shear stress. But the reason of shear fracture angle examined in experiment greater than 45º lies in that, the existence of frictional force between endface of specimen and pressure head of testing machine, and additional tensile stress produced in the materials when harder crystalline grain wedge in softer medium have changed original uniaxial compression stress state and the direction of maximum shear stress on next fracture path.
Guangfan Li, Yong Huang and Chaohe Chen
Z. H. Li et al., "Discussions on Fracture Factors of Brittle Materials under the Shear-Compression Condition", Advanced Materials Research, Vols. 250-253, pp. 90-94, 2011