Magnetic Microscopic Evaluation of Early-Stage Fatigue in WMZ (Weld Metal Zone) of Low Carbon Steel Plates (JIS, SS400)
Cyclic stresses around welding joint-part affect the strength of mechanical components. In order to understand the fatigue phenomena caused by the cyclic stresses, non-destructive methods that can be related to number of stress cycles are necessary. In the present work, we used a newly developed scanning Hall probe microscope (SHPM) equipped with a GaAs film sensor and observed three dimensional magnetic fields of the specimen before and after four point fatigue testing at room temperature in air. Low carbon steel plates (JIS, SS400) were used in the experiments. It was found that the intensity of the magnet field in a direction perpendicular to the specimen surface was strongly affected by the fatigue testing. This result means that we can evaluate the fatigue in welding-joint area using quantitative magnetic field measurements. Furthermore, it was discovered that the key factor to evaluate the fatigue is the range between “S” and “N” (“peak-to-bottom” values) of the magnetic fields.
K. Kida et al., "Magnetic Microscopic Evaluation of Early-Stage Fatigue in WMZ (Weld Metal Zone) of Low Carbon Steel Plates (JIS, SS400)", Advanced Materials Research, Vols. 255-260, pp. 4186-4192, 2011