Analysis of Mechanical Characteristics of Site Experiment on Supporting Structure in Gypsum Breccia Tunnel
Gypsum breccia is a kind of soft rock-hard soil, and its component is complex. It has poor cementation, low intensity, strong water reaction, slight expansibility and corrosion. During the tunnel construction of gypsum breccia stratum, the mechanical characteristic of supporting structure is very complex. In order to ensure the safety, reasonability and economy of tunnel support system, it is important to acquire the information on displacement and stress of surrounding rock and support system. Two test sections are selected to monitor. Based on the measured data, the distribution characteristics and the time variation law of different kinds of support in gypsum breccia stratum are studied, including surrounding rock pressure, axial force of rock bolt, support pressure and stress. Such conclusions can be got: When strengthened lining (16# I-steel) of the V-grade surrounding rock used, support system performs well; but the stiffness of primary support is not enough if grillage lining is used. Growth of surrounding pressure is for a long time, which shows that the rock mass has Flow characteristics. Especially the surrounding rock pressure increases continuously. The spatial distribution is random, and the value is large. The stiffness of support system should be strengthened. Most blots at the waist arch are compressive. Bolts at the foot arch and sidewall are under tension. The maximum is nearly 124kN. Contact pressure between primary support and secondary lining at the sidewall is higher than that at arch parts. Steel frame stress comes up to 80% of the maximum within 20 days. Excavation of invert has great influences on stress state of surrounding rock and support system.
M. L. Sun et al., "Analysis of Mechanical Characteristics of Site Experiment on Supporting Structure in Gypsum Breccia Tunnel", Advanced Materials Research, Vols. 261-263, pp. 1554-1558, 2011