Mechanism Study on Transformation of Landslide into Debris Flow based on Coulomb Particle Flow Theory
The initiation is the core issue in debris flow study, it’s the basis of debris flow disaster prevention, and the research on transformation of landslide into debris flow is fundamental in debris flow study. Transformation of landslide into debris flow was a new topic which proposed in recent years, although it contained the previous areas of landslide-debris flow, something developed, it was more emphasis on the transformation process of landslide to debris flow. This paper proposed an ideal model from practical disaster, based on Coulomb Particle Flow Theory, we used large-scale finite difference software FLAC3D to analyze. From soil mechanics, to study on excess pore water pressure and the instability mechanism of slope, we got several laws. The results showed that, (a) the maximum excess pore water pressure occurred in the lower part of gravel slope body, with the increase of external load increasing, here would be the first liquefaction area; (b) crushed gravel soil had been largely destroyed when the slope in critical state, and at the same time internal energy of particles increased, cement ability decreased. With the rock sheared, gravitation energy of rock was released, high-speed gravel slope spilled into debris.
Z. Q. Ni et al., "Mechanism Study on Transformation of Landslide into Debris Flow based on Coulomb Particle Flow Theory", Advanced Materials Research, Vols. 261-263, pp. 1589-1593, 2011