Using Ga Optimization to Improve the Estimation of Earthwork Volumes
This paper introduces a variable-interval method that automatically selects the most suitable ground points along the longitudinal road alignment, with variable intervals between successive ground points. The accuracy of the total earthwork volume using cross sections at these selected locations will be more accurate. A genetic algorithm with a least squares objective function is used to locate the most suitable ground points.
T. Fan "Using Ga Optimization to Improve the Estimation of Earthwork Volumes", Advanced Materials Research, Vols. 261-263, pp. 952-956, 2011