Effect of Sulfosalicylic Acid on Kinetics of Ce3+/Ce4+ Electrode Reaction
The effect of sulfosalicylic acid (SSA) on the electrochemical behaviour of Ce3+/Ce4+ redox couple was studied using voltammetry at stationary electrode and rotating disc electrode (RDE). When the SSA was added to the Ce3+/Ce4+ electrolyte there was change to the peak current and peak potential, i.e. the increase of peak current and the decrease of peak potential difference. The diffusion coefficient of Ce3+ is 6.5 × 10-6 cm2 s-1 and the standard rate constant of the Ce3+/Ce4+ redox reaction is 3.2 × 10-4 cm s-1 in the presence of SSA, which are all larger than that in the absence of SSA (3.6 × 10-6 cm2 s-1, 2.0 × 10-4 cm s-1). Therefore, the SSA as the additive in the supporting electrolyte for a cerium redox flow battery (RFB) application will result in a high voltage efficiency and will satisfy an important requirement for a RFB electrolyte.
Fei Hu and Beibei Wang
Z. P. Xie et al., "Effect of Sulfosalicylic Acid on Kinetics of Ce3+/Ce4+ Electrode Reaction", Advanced Materials Research, Vol. 279, pp. 451-455, 2011