Influence of Poling Conditions on the Characteristics of PZT Ceramics
In the poling process of PZT ceramics, the poling temperature is a critical condition. When the poling temperature is too low, no matter how high is the poling field and how long is the poling time, the planar electromechanical coupling factor kp is lower. When the poling temperature is higher enough, the kp can reach to a saturated value with a lower poling field and short poling time. The variation of dielectric constant with the poling conditions is the same as that of planar electromechanical coupling factor. When poling with a low temperature, the dielectric constant after poling is lower than 1400. When poling with higher temperature, no matter how high is the poling field and how long is the poling time, the dielectric constant after poling is higher than 1500.
Xiaoming Sang, Pengcheng Wang, Liqun Ai, Yungang Li and Jinglong Bu
M. C. Chure et al., "Influence of Poling Conditions on the Characteristics of PZT Ceramics", Advanced Materials Research, Vols. 284-286, pp. 1375-1380, 2011