Analysis of LIGA-Ni Microstructure
Micro-structure nickels were fabricated by LIGA, and their surface morphology, microstructure and texture were studied by Microscope, SEM and XRD. The results show that the specimens have uneven microstructure, and the grains are relatively small. The grains grow mainly by the form of columnar and cluster-like, and there are obviously preferred orientation in the (220) plane.
Xiaoming Sang, Pengcheng Wang, Liqun Ai, Yungang Li and Jinglong Bu
X. D. Liu and Y. K. Li, "Analysis of LIGA-Ni Microstructure", Advanced Materials Research, Vols. 284-286, pp. 1574-1578, 2011