Submerged Arc Welding process (SAW) is a high quality, very high deposition rate welding process. It has lot of social and economical implecations.This paper makes an attempt to uncover an important area on studies of temperature distribution during submerged arc welding because this may pave the way for application of microstructure modeling, thermal stress analysis, residual stress/distribution and welding process simulation. Prediction of temperature variation of entire plates during welding through an analytical solution is derived from the transient multi dimensional heat conduction of semi infinite plate. The heat input that is applied on the plate is exactly same amount of heat lost for electric arc, which is assumed to be a moving double conical heat source with Gaussian distribution for Submerged Arc Welding process. Good agreement between predicted and experimental results has been achieved.