In Submerged Arc Welding process involves critical set of variables which are needed to control. An attempt has been made in this paper to find out- the influence of the heat input and bead volume on HAZ Hardness for Submerged Arc Welding Process of Mild steel plates. Mild steel plates are welded by changing input variables (current, voltage, travel speed, i.e. heat input) and Rockwell hardness no. has been observed on welded portion and at the zone adjacent to the welded portion. A detailed analysis of the microstructure changes is carried out to understand the HAZ softening phenomenon.