Pured ZnO, Al doped ZnO and Al-In co-doped ZnO nanopowders were synthesized by the methanol alcoholysis method at 130 °C. Structure, morphology and optical properties of ZnO nanopowders were characterized using X-ray diffraction, Transmission electron microscopy (TEM), Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) and Photoluminescence (PL) spectra. The results show that ZnO nanopowders can be obtained in methanol solution at low temperature (130 °C). TEM images show that Al doped ZnO nanocrystals grow along the  axis quicker than other axes. FTIR spectra show that ZnO nanocrystals synthesized by the methanol alcoholysis include a little organic impurity. PL spectrums reveal that pure ZnO and doped ZnO nanocrystals have a blue band emission at 440 nm and a green band emission at 520 nm and 530 nm, respectively. Compared with the pure ZnO nanocrystal, the Al doping improves the luminescent properties.