To obtain a new method to improve hydrodynamic bearing carrying capacity, hydrodynamic journal bearing’s characteristics as well as the current study direction are analyzed. According to the calculation of general cylindrical hydrodynamic journal bearing, the mathematic model for sinusoidal surface hydrodynamic bearing’s carrying capacity is established. It is used to calculate, analyze and compare these two bearings’ carrying capacity with example. The bearing, which has the characteristic of sinusoidal surface, has stronger carrying capacity than general cylindrical hydrodynamic bearing. What’s more, the improvement is more obvious when the number of waves is 3, also it has wider carrying area. Compared with other journal bearings, the journal bearing with sinusoidal surfaces has stronger carrying capacity, smaller friction moment and longer life-span. Therefore, it has extensive prospect.