To prolong blast furnace campaign life, a great deal of research work has been carried out on the structure of stave cooler in the past decades, which, in turn, produced favorable results. However, due to the different thermal expanding property of the metal stave from that of the brick lining, the latter is subjected to crack, slide and damage. To solve the problem, a new stave cooler has been developed in this paper. Thus, a certain amount of anchors were welded on the traditional stave cooler, the unshaped gunning material can be fixed by anchors and the whole-lining be formed by gunning. The results of thermal simulating indicates: the bonding strength between the surface of stave cooler with anchors and the gunning lining is much higher than that between the surface of traditional stave cooler and the brick lining. Consequently, the service life of blast furnace will be extended. The optimizing design of the anchor was also described in the paper.