Synthesis of a Novel Cationic Polyacrylamide and Its Application in Flocculation
In the flocculation treatment of oilfield sewage, cationic polyacrylamide (CPAM), which was synthesized by the copolymerization of dimethyldiallylammonium chloride (DMDAAC), acrylamide(AM), and acrylic acid(AA), will react with the residue of oil displacement agent, causing the quick crimp of its linear-molecular-structure chain and deteriorating the flocculating effects. In order to solve the problem, cationic polyacrylamide (CPAM) was grafted by a cationic-terminated spheroidal-molecular-structure hyperbranched polymer (CHP), which was synthesized by introducing methacryloxyethyl trimethylammonium chloride (DMC) into a kind of amino-terminated hyperbranched polymer. Both CPAM and grafted CPAM were used in flocculation treatment of simulated ASP oilfield sewage. The comparison results in flocculating effects indicated that the flocculating effect of grafted CPAM is greater than CPAM, its optimal dosage is 12.5mg/L, and its transmittance of the treated sewage reached 98.6%.
X. F. Zhao et al., "Synthesis of a Novel Cationic Polyacrylamide and Its Application in Flocculation", Advanced Materials Research, Vols. 311-313, pp. 1124-1127, 2011