The thermal properties and rheological behavior of concentrated regenerated silk fibroin aqueous solution from 15% to 37% was investigated by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and rheometer. Also the conformation of solutions was characterized by Raman spectra. It was discovered that the major endothermic peak in the DSC curves shifted toward the lower temperature region with increasing the concentration. This behavior suggests increasing the concentration can accelerate conformational transition of silk fibroin from random coil and α-helix to β-sheet structure. In addition, it was found that the viscosity of solution increased with increasing concentration in favor of spinning.