Michelia macclurei wood with moderate strength is a fast-growing wood in South China. However, it has not been fully utilized. We first prepared it into wood-polymer composite with purpose of good performance by impregnating methyl methacrylate monomer (MMA) into wood pores and following in-situ polymerization. The micro structure of wood-polymer composite, and the morphology and reaction of polymer in wood were characterized by SEM, FTIR and XRD. The SEM observation showed that the MMA monomer polymerized into polymer under the employed conditions and filled up wood cell cavity. FTIR analysis indicated that the monomer rarely reacted with wood cell wall during its polymerization. XRD characterized that the polymer from MMA monomer mainly physically existed in wood pores and remained as an amorphous form.