Comparison of Crack Growth Models and Crack Closure Effect
According to standard test method for fatigue crack growth rates of metallic materials, the crack growth rate of 30NCD16 at three stress ratio (R=0.1, 0.3 and 0.5) were measured. Based on linear elasticity fracture mechanics theory, the fatigue crack growth rate was studied through the nonlinear least squares fitting method. The Paris model parameters at steady growth region and near threshold growth region and NASGRO model parameters were obtained. The effective stress intensity factors versus curves at three stress ratios were determined by crack closure effect. The results show that the Paris equation can preferably describe relations at steady growth region. At this region the model parameter m lies 2.5-4. This result is consistent with the known statistical facts of most metallic materials. NASGRO equation can preferably describe relations from near threshold growth region to high values region. all the test data at three stress ratio was able to correlate and . Crack closure was the major factor in correlating stress ratio and crack growth rate, the degree of crack closure weaken with increasing stress ratio.
W. L. Liu et al., "Comparison of Crack Growth Models and Crack Closure Effect", Advanced Materials Research, Vols. 311-313, pp. 822-825, 2011