TiO2 and ZnO Water Sol Preparation by Sol–Gel Method and Application on Polyester Fabric of Antistatic Finishing
Abstract：Pure TiO2 water sol, pure ZnO water sol and three compound TiO2/ZnO water sols are prepared under low temperature. Then the padding and baking process is used to put the functional sol liquid on the fabric. SEM is use to analyzed the change of surface feature and the result show that all of the water sol except pure ZnO water sol liquid formed a thin film on the fiber The stability of pure ZnO water sol is the best one and the pure TiO2 water sol is the worst one at temperature of 15°C. The compound water sols stabilities are between these two water sols and with the more amount of ZnO, the stability last longer. Both mole of TiO2 and ZnO with the rate of 5 to 5 and 7 to 3 display the best antistatic behavior, but the washing fastnesses are not good. After treatment, the moisture regain displays most dramatically changes; the next one is whiteness of fabric, but the other physical and mechanical properties have a little change.
Rui Wang and Huawu Liu
Y. Y. Chu et al., "TiO2 and ZnO Water Sol Preparation by Sol–Gel Method and Application on Polyester Fabric of Antistatic Finishing", Advanced Materials Research, Vol. 331, pp. 270-274, 2011